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How a port comes to life

Does a port spring into life because nearby communities need to ship goods? Or do towns and cities grow up around a place where ships can come in?
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Port Origins

A successful port helps its region grow. This development also increases the trade of the port. Find out how the port and its region help each other.
 Southampton Old Town
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Overview of eastern docks (19020) (200 x 120 px)  Gateway to the World

In the 1930s, Southampton handled nearly half of the UK's ocean-going passenger traffic and millions of tons of cargo - making the port the 'Gateway to the World'.
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Ports at war

During wartime, ports were particularly vital. The enemy knew this too, and ports were special targets. Learn how successful was enemy action in disrupting ports, how they coped, and how it all affected those who lived there.
 A Boarding Soldier
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Who owns the port

Ownership of the port has an affect on how it develops. Discover how the various forms of ownership have influenced the way ports have grown.
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Ports today

Today, ports exist in a very competitive environment. They need to have the facilities to accept big ships and turn them round quickly. However, the world is very sensitive to port developments, and particularly how they affect the environment. See how these factors conflict.
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Ports at war

Quick quiz
Why did the Second World War cause congestion in some ports?
 Many dock workers had been called up to serve in the army
Air raids destroyed most of the ports' facilities
Many ships would arrive all at once, in convoys

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